«Structure-property relationship of 2D material modifications»
Here you will find the proposed materials framed in a coloured box . The code next to it identifies each item (foto, video, etc.) individually. You will need this code to fill in the form. Additionally, you can have an overview of the materials from all research groups at matter.soundsof.net/materials.
Two-dimensional materials, such as graphene, are one-atom or few-atom thick materials. In the ideal case, many of these materials are expected to have very unique electronic, mechanical, or chemical properties. However structural imperfections (e.g. missing atoms or impurities) have a strong influence on their properties. Tailored defects and/or impurities in 2D materials thus provide a means to fine tune their properties.
This project aims to make significant advances in understanding the structure-property relationships and control of material modifications at the atomic level. The main tool for the study is atomically resolved scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), which allows us to see individual atoms in 2D materials and also to study the dynamics of defects.
Computer model of graphene, a single layer of carbon atoms[2dM01]
New Scanning Transmission electron microscope (STEM) at the University of Vienna [2dM03]
We employ powerful electron microscopes that can reveal the atomic structure of a material. We use it not only to study existing imperfections in a material, but also to introduce structural modifications by the irradiation.
STEM image of perfect graphene:
Perfect graphene [2dM04]
Scale bar: 2Å
( or 0.000 000 000 2m )
STEM image of graphene with a line defect (grain boundary)
Image of a two-dimensional Silicon carbide (left) [2dM07]
and corresponding diagram right (in blue: Si atoms). [2dM08]
We observed the behaviour of the molecules within Fullerene-Graphene sandwiches. That is, a fullerene layer (the soccer-ball shaped molecules) between two sheets of graphene (the two-dimensional layers). Below these lines you can see the computer model of it. [2dM10]
Fullerenes (the soccer-ball shaped molecules) were embedded between two graphene sheets and studied by atomic-resolution STEM. This way we could observe the diffusion and rotation of the molecules. Due to the motion of the fullerenes at the edge, they are only partially visible.
Principal Investigator: Prof. Jannik C. Meyer
Source material - Attribution
[2dM01] Graphene © Jannik Meyer, Universität Wien
[2dM03] STEM © Gruppe Physik nanostrukturierter Materialien, Universität Wien
[2dM04] Graphene (2Å) © Gruppe Physik nanostrukturierter Materialien, Universität Wien
[2dM05] Graphene (5Å) © Gruppe Physik nanostrukturierter Materialien, Universität Wien
[2dM06] Hole in graphene sample © J. Meyer, C. Mangler, J. C. Meyer,
[2dM07] Cluster of Si Atoms © T. Susi et al.,
[2dM08] Silicon carbide © T. Susi et al.,
[2dM09] Structures under irradiation © T. Susi et al.,
[2dM10] Fullerene-Graphene sandwich © Kimmo Mustonen/Jannik Meyer, Universität Wien
Defects, rather than the perfect lattice, determine the properties of any material. For example, materials always start to break at defects. Here is a computer simulation of a breaking 2D layer of graphene.